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Thesis Writing: Outlining Part I

The academic content often shows the discussions done with yourself. For opening this discussion, there are few options which can be used. You can start, for example:. One of the main thing to do by researcher is to define and then discuss the scope of the study — area including field and theme, and the basic information. Making the scope of thesis narrowed can take a lot of time. Paradoxically, the interest of the thesis increases with the lesser limits. The reason is that narrow scope allows you to make the statement as well as study clearer and deeper, while the broad research statements just lets the thesis to develop a superficial look.

The thesis question is formulated as a main statement along with other sub-questions or the hypothesis which need to be checked. The thesis question acts as the guide for writing process. If you want to work independently, you can modify it later. The schematic outline describes the overview of main things of thesis.

It gives a clarification of the framework of thesis while helping the reader to have a right focus on your work. You may find what you need for restructuring the thesis. Working on this part of paper, is a nice way to make sense of the significant changes. An effective outline describes the way of differing various relatable parts of thesis. It also makes sense if you add outline at the ending of introduction, however this is a rule.


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Place it where it suits the best — not at the complete end nor at too start. This portion is used in the empirical study and is meant to put light on info in highly scientific or scholarly way. It must give complete insights which are not achievable but the ordinary. The main goal of this part is to do analysis and interpretation of the data. So, you must not show the theoretical perspectives which are being used. By doing this, you can may develop false hopes, and make your work unauthentic.

Not each of the thesis paper contain a separate section for theory, it can be included in the introduction or as a separate chapter. In a thesis, this section deals with the methodology which is quite important. It implies for the empirical thesis. A working title is helpful for some people, detrimental for others. If a title helps focus your writing, then make one up now. If not, then skip it!

Body Sections -- the outline below is intended to help you organize your thoughts in a couple of different ways. Second, since this is a Review paper, sources are equally important, so each section below also has room for writing in the associated literature. The first paragraph or two deals with the biggest ideas in that section and usually contains the most diverse set of associated literature.

Two things tend to happen next.

Stages of a thesis (in order)

One move is to exemplify the main ideas using individual studies. Thus, the pattern is to discuss the study and some of its main points, meaning only 1 or 2 sources will be used in the paragraph. These discussions are often made using author-driven sentences, e. Alternatively, you can narrow from the main explanation into a discussion of different facets of the topic itself. This also results in the narrowing of the literature to only a couple of sources.

Essay Outline & Thesis Outline Writing Services | Homework Help Canada

This kind of writing usually features topic-driven sentences, e. Exemplification and discussion can happen in either order; it depends on the paper. Also, you may not need to use both strategies. It could be that the way you're arranging the information only requires discussion OR exemplification. Please note that the "point 1" and "point 2" are just to get you started with the pattern -- you might have 3 main points, or 4. The same goes for all other sections -- the template is a suggestion to help you organize, not a plan set in stone!

Conclusions -- here is where you bring the whole Review together for some final commentary. There are 3 parts to a Review conclusion. First , there should be a concise summary. After deciding on a thesis statement, you need to identify several supporting points that substantiate your thesis. These supporting points will be the main ideas of your outline. At the top of the page, write your thesis statement, and then below that, organize the supporting points in a logical order that best supports the thesis of your document you can always change the order later if you need to.

These supporting points are the main categories or topics of your document.

Then, add the subcategories or subtopics, which will generally correspond to the supporting paragraphs for each category or topic. And finally, for each subcategory or subtopic, add sub-subcategories or sub-subtopics, if necessary these can be used to indicate an example or story used to illustrate a supporting point. You generally don't need to include the introduction and conclusion in your outline, although it does not hurt to do so.

In creating your outline, you can, for instance, use a comparison-contrast, cause-and-effect, or problem-solution model, you can give information chronologically, or you can begin with your weakest point and move to your strongest.

Your Outline

As you structure your outline, you can use either phrases or complete sentences, but be consistent. When determining whether an idea is a main topic or a supporting point for a topic that is, a subtopic or sub-subtopic , identify whether or not it adds a new idea of equal value to the other main topics or if it instead supports or explains an idea already stated. If it supports or explains an existing idea, then it should be a subtopic of that topic.

In creating your outline, remember that traditionally, if a topic or category is going to have a subtopic or subcategory, then it should have at least two supporting points that correspond to it.


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  6. If a topic doesn't require at least two subtopics, then it probably does not need to include a subcategory or subtopic—the sentence or phrase used for the topic can instead be reworded to incorporate the point identified in the subtopic. In addition, all entries in the outline should be parallel, which is why if you use sentences for some entries, you should use sentences for all entries, or if you use phrases, you should likewise be consistent.

    If phrases are used, make sure that the phrases follow the same grammatical pattern that is, nouns are matched with nouns, verb phrases with verb phrases, and so forth.

    Senior Thesis Outline

    Similarly, topics at the same level should be of equal importance. If they're not, the less important information should be changed to a subtopic of a main topic. Usually, the information in subtopics should be more specific than the information in main topics. Writing Your Paper If you have taken your time and written a well-organized, well-thought-out outline, then writing your paper, manuscript, or other document should be relatively easy, especially if you have used the sentence outline format.